Gender Inequality and Economic Inclusion in Tunisia: Key Policy Issues

….Sociocultural prescriptions about gender roles have changed less than the secular nature of the state might suggest. According to the sixth wave (2010-14) of the World Values Survey, 71% of respondents agreed that “when jobs are scarce, men should have more right to a job than women” (see Table 2). The gender breakdown suggests that more men (82%) than women (58%) agreed with this statement; among women respondents, less than half of those with full-time jobs (48.7%) agreed, while more than 30% disagreed. Other surveys have found that attitudes about women in the workforce are more liberal in Tunisia than elsewhere in the MENA region, especially when compared to attitudes and values in Egypt (see Moaddel et al. 2013); however, conservative attitudes may shift as a result of changing political and economic conditions. In general, the Tunisian public’s responses show very low confidence in government institutions—much lower than in Morocco or Turkey. And according to recent Arab Barometer findings, Tunisians have become dissatisfied with democracy and perceive economic difficulties as the most serious problem facing the country (Robbins 2016)……

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