Determinants of input- and output-oriented conceptions of democracy in the Arabic world: a multi-level analysis (German)

“Since the 1990’s, more and more studies have been analyzing conceptions of democracy. This study focuses on determinants of conceptions of democracy in the Arabic world. Thereby, we distinguish between input- and output-oriented conceptions of democracy. Whereas the former ones are highlighting procedural elements of democracy, the latter ones focus on materialistic aspects of democracy. We test different theories (modernization theory, social capital theory, political culture, diffusion theory, culture theory and the impact of the Arabic Spring) on the basis of the third wave of the Arab Barometer (2012-2014) using a logistic multilevel model allowing us to include individual and context effects as well. Our results show that the likelihood of having internalized an input-oriented conception of democracy rises with higher formal education, higher income, bridging social capital, political interest or the regular attending of the Friday prayers. Additionally, we can show that especially in Egypt and Tunisia democracy is understood in the sense of an output-conception…”

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