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From virtual space to public space: The role of online political activism in protest participation during the Arab Spring

This study examines the relationship between online social media use and protest participation during the Arab Spring, pro-democracy movements that swept across vast parts of the Middle East and North Africa (MENA). What role did online communication media play in individual decisions to participate in these high-risk political activities? We address this question by drawing on microdata from the Arab…

Revisiting the Egyptian Uprising of 2011: Exploring the Role of Relational Networks within the Cairo-Based Political Opposition

Revisiting the Egyptian Uprising of 2011, I argue that strong relational networks linking actors in the broader Cairo-based political opposition—a conglomerate of prodemocracy movement organizations—should be understood as a necessary, albeit insufficient, causal condition for the diffusion of protest. These networks fulfilled two essential functions. 1) They were critical in terms of professionally socializing a new generation of activists—many of…

Political Division and Social Destruction: Generalized Trust in Palestine

This article discusses the effect of the political division between Fatah and Hamas on the level of generalized trust in Palestine. It argues that the level of trust in Palestinian society has been shaped and influenced by the ongoing political division since 2007. As the level of trust has been declining since 2007, this research suggests that distrust in the…

Between organization and spontaneity of protests: the 2010–2011 Tunisian and Egyptian uprisings

This paper investigates the role of social groups in mobilizing resources for protests in repressive contexts. In particular, it examines the impact of organizations and informal groups on individual engagement in the protests developed in 2010 in Tunisia and in 2011 in Egypt. The empirical analysis draws on the following data sources: the second wave of the Arab Barometer (2010–2011),…

Survey: Four in Ten Moroccans Hope to Emigrate

Rabat – A new survey from BBC News Arabic and the Arab Barometer shows that more than 40 % of Moroccans dream of emigrating. The survey’s findings are the result of more than 25,0000 interviews in 11 countries from late 2018 and spring 2019. “In every place questioned, research suggested that at least one in five people were considering emigrating,” the survey…