Country reports are short essays that describe and analyze data for each country. Authors follow a similar format interpreted as appropriate for their country. The reports contain basic methodological information about the survey, most importantly the sampling procedure, as well as a description of important domestic or international conditions affecting attitudes during the period covered. They provide a summary of the most important findings. The new findings are normally compared to previous findings, when available. An appendix with tables presenting the detailed findings covered in the analysis is attached to each report. Country reports cover the main themes of the surveys: understanding the meaning of democracy, perception of economic issues, citizenship and rights, the role of religion and social values, public institutions and trust in their effectiveness, and Arab and international issues.